Exton Study Bible
Volume 2: Exodus
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Around 70 Descendants of Jacob (Israel) Had Moved to Egypt with Jacob [in around 1685 B.C.]
1 These are the names of the sons of Israel who came to Egypt with Jacob [that is, Israel]. Each one came with those of his house [NLV]:
2 Reuben, Simeon, Levi, and Judah;
3 Issachar, Zebulun, and Benjamin;
4 Dan and Naphtali; Gad and Asher.
5 Joseph was already in Egypt. The total number of Jacob’s descendants was 70.
6 Eventually, Joseph, all his brothers, and that entire generation died.
After Many Years, the Israelites Become Very Numerous & the Land is Filled with Them
7 But the descendants of Israel had many children. They became so numerous and strong that the land was filled with them.
The Israelites Become Slaves [around 1596 B.C.]
8 Then a new king, who knew nothing about Joseph, began to rule in Egypt.
9 He said to his people, “There are too many Israelites, and they are stronger than we are.
10 We have to outsmart them, or they’ll increase in number. Then, if war breaks out, they will join our enemies, fight against us, and leave the country.”
11 So the Egyptians put slave drivers in charge of them in order to oppress them through forced labor. They built Pithom and Rameses as supply cities for Pharaoh.
12 But the more the Israelites were oppressed, the more they increased in number and spread out. The Egyptians couldn’t stand them any longer.
13 So they forced the Israelites to work hard as slaves.
14 They made their lives bitter with back-breaking work in mortar and bricks and every kind of work in the fields. All the jobs the Egyptians gave them were brutally hard.
Pharaoh Tells the Midwives to Kill All Hebrew [that is, Israelite] Baby Boys
15 Then the king of Egypt told the Hebrew midwives, whose names were Shiphrah and Puah,
16 “When you help the Hebrew women in childbirth, look at the child when you deliver it. If it’s a boy, kill it, but if it’s a girl, let it live.”
17 However, the midwives feared Elohim [i.e. God] and didn’t obey the king of Egypt’s orders. They let the boys live.
18 So the king of Egypt called for the midwives. He asked them, “Why have you done this? Why have you let the boys live?”
19 The midwives answered Pharaoh, “Hebrew women are not like Egyptian women. They are so healthy that they have their babies before a midwife arrives.”
20 Elohim [i.e. God] was good to the midwives. So the people increased in number and became very strong.
21 Because the midwives feared Elohim, he gave them families of their own.
Pharaoh Commands that All Newborn Israelite Boys are to be Thrown into the Nile River
22 Then Pharaoh commanded all his people to throw into the Nile every Hebrew boy that was born, but to let every girl live.
Moses is Born [around 1572 B.C.] & is Thrown into the Nile River, but Pharaoh’s Daughter Rescues Moses & Adopts Him
1 A man from Levi’s family married a Levite woman.
2 The woman became pregnant and had a son. She saw how beautiful he was and hid him for three months.
3 When she couldn’t hide him any longer, she took a basket made of papyrus plants and coated it with tar and pitch. She put the baby in it and set it among the papyrus plants near the bank of the Nile River.
4 The baby’s sister [Miriam] stood at a distance to see what would happen to him.
5 While Pharaoh’s daughter came to the Nile to take a bath, her servants walked along the bank of the river. She saw the basket among the papyrus plants and sent her slave girl to get it.
6 Pharaoh’s daughter opened the basket, looked at the baby, and saw it was a boy. He was crying, and she felt sorry for him. She said, “This is one of the Hebrew children.”
7 Then the baby’s sister asked Pharaoh’s daughter, “Should I go and get one of the Hebrew women to nurse the baby for you?”
8 She answered, “Yes!” So the girl brought the baby’s mother.
9 Pharaoh’s daughter said to the woman, “Take this child, nurse him for me, and I will pay you.” She took the child and nursed him.
10 When the child was old enough, she brought him to Pharaoh’s daughter, and he became her son. Pharaoh’s daughter named him Moses [Pulled Out] and said, “I pulled him out of the water.”
Moses Kills an Egyptian & Flees to Midian MORE