By Bob Barney
THE TRUE DAY OF ATONEMENT IS COMING THIS WEEK! (It is always on the night of September 24th and the day of the 25th! Don't be fooled by pagan traditions... Read about it here and prepare for it! It's the least you can do for your God, and the one who suffered and died 4 U!
Forward: Most of the following is from Wikipedia and is not my words. The basic fact is that this holy day is not only biblical, it should be followed today, and it will be required in the millennium for all to observe. The fact that our position on the calendar differs substantially from the Jewish calendar and most of the Sabbath observing world is based on what the Bible itself claims about God's calendar. The lunar/solar calendar observed by most Jews is simply not Biblical and in fact, is of Babylonian heritage. It is a different calendar than Moses followed, nor is it the calendar that the Essenes followed. It is very doubtful Jesus followed it, as his Passover was a full day before the Jews. I know the claim that the Last Supper was instituted a day before the real Passover (as Herbert Armstrong maintained) but the Bible plainly shows that Jesus' last supper was on Passover! Clearly, the Jews were not observing the same one. Historians such as Roland DeVaux have proven quite convincingly that the ancient Hebrew calendar was only 360 days long, comprising of 12-30 day months. Five and every 4 years, 6 days were added at the end of the year to make up for the shortfall created by a 360 year in a real world time of 365-1/4 day solar year.
The Christian Day of Atonement is an English translation of the Jewish holiday Yom Kippur. The Bible calls the day Yom Hakippurim (Hebrew, "Day of the Atonements"). The day is commemorated with a 25-hour fast by Jews, but normally a 24 hour fast by Christians who observe it. While not observed by the mainstream of Christianity, the small Christian groups (mostly those with origins in the old Worldwide Church of God) that do observe it usually refer to it as the Day of Atonement.
Some Christians with an interest in Biblical Eschatology believe that the Day of Atonement, the sixth of the Feasts of Israel, will mark the very last day of this age. They believe that the Day of Atonement will be the final day to repent and that this epic future day in holy history will come on the eve of the Last Judgement.
Those who do observe this day normally observe it from sunset the night before until sunset of the day listed above (see Leviticus 23:32), similar to the Jewish observance. Some groups keep the biblical holy days on slightly different dates according to their understanding of when does the first day of the month occur. Those that believe the first day of the month is at the first appearance of the crescent moon will keep the Day of Atonement and the other Holy Days on slightly different dates than those listed here. We hold, however, that this is not biblical at all and that the Hebrew month has no correlation at all to the moon, as our months (literally "moonths") have no real correlation to the moon today.
The original rites and practices for the Day of Atonement are set forth in the sixteenth chapter of Leviticus (cf. Exodus 30:10; Leviticus 23:27-31, 25:9; Numbers 29:7-11). It is considered to be a time for fasting, on which no food or drink are be consumed. Leviticus 16:9-10,20-22 states,
And Aaron shall bring the goat on which the LORD's lot fell, and offer it as a sin offering. But the goat on which the lot fell to be the scapegoat shall be presented alive before the LORD, to make atonement upon it, and to let it go as the scapegoat into the wilderness... And when he has made an end of atoning for the Holy Place, the tabernacle of meeting, and the altar, he shall bring the live goat. Aaron shall lay both his hands on the head of the live goat, confess over it all the iniquities of the children of Israel, and all their transgressions, concerning all their sins, putting them on the head of the goat, and shall send it away into the wilderness by the hand of a suitable man. The goat shall bear on itself all their iniquities to an uninhabited land; and he shall release the goat in the wilderness. (NKJV)
Christians who observe it note the parallels between the first of the two goats with Jesus and the second of the two goats with Satan (the Azazel goat). Specifically, regarding the latter, they cite the following passage from Revelation 20:1-3:
Then I saw an angel coming down from heaven, having the key to the bottomless pit and a great chain in his hand. He laid hold of the dragon, that serpent of old, who is the Devil and Satan, and bound him for a thousand years; and he cast him into the bottomless pit, and shut him up, and set a seal on him, so that he should deceive the nations no more till the thousand years were finished.
Those who observe it believe that the suitable man in Leviticus 16 is a parallel to the angel that binds Satan and casts him away in Revelation 20.
In the New Testament, the Apostle Paul refers to it as "the Fast" (Acts 27:9).
Jewish groups typically teach, "The Day of Atonement absolves from sins against God, but not from sins against a fellow man unless the pardon of the offended person be secured" (Mishnah tractate Yoma 8:9). Hence the custom of terminating on the eve of the fast day (or in the 10-day period between Rosh Hashanah and Yom Kippur) all feuds and disputes. Even the souls of the dead are included in the community of those pardoned on the Day of Atonement. It is customary for children to have public mention made in the synagogue of their departed parents, and to make charitable gifts on behalf of their souls." Many believe that Jewish tradition is not scripturally valid in all aspects of its teaching. Much of Jewish practice is not strictly based on scripture itself.
Some believe proper observance of the Day of Atonement according to scripture requires the following:
- A person must be validly baptized by a valid baptizer according to scriptural mandates
- Asking God to bring to memory any sins committed and honestly repenting of them
- Assembling as a Holy Congregation and making an offering unto the Lord
Christians that observe the Day of Atonement normally teach that on that day they are to be at one with God and that fasting humbles them and makes them realize how dependent they are on God for all their needs. They also believe that they are dependent upon the sacrifice of Jesus for their salvation, and that Satan plays a role in encouraging people to sin.
- Old Testament meaning
- A day of fasting and repentance, known to the Jews as Yom Kippur (Leviticus 23:26-32)
- New Testament meaning
- Pictures the binding of Satan at the beginning of the Millennium and the world becoming at one with God.
The Christian Day of Atonement, comes after the Feast of Trumpets (also known as Rosh Hashana) and is considered to be part of God's plan of salvation as shown in the biblical holy days given the 12 tribes of Israel, including Judah. The fasting day also gives them pause before the Feast of Tabernacles which is a time of rejoicing and feasting that begins 5 days later.
In the book of Hebrews (chapters 8,9,10) there is a commentary on the Temple ceremony of the Day of Atonement. The author's subject throughout the book is Christ, His priesthood, His works. The author is at some pains to establish that Jesus is the High Priest even though, in the flesh, He comes from the tribe of Judah, not Levi. However, this is easily overcome by virtue of the fact that Jesus is a priest after the order of Melchizedek, according to chapter six, verse 20, which is subsequently explained by the fact that Abraham paid homage to Melchizedek, thus establishing a hierarchy. And in the process of explaining and developing the priesthood of Christ, the author incidentally gives us a Christian commentary on the Day of Atonement, Yom Kippur, and tells us what it actually means to a Christian.